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salacca wallichiana fruit

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salacca wallichiana fruit

The spineless 'Sakum' has leaves nearly as long (5 m) as the rakum types and the fruit quality is not much better: there is only a little flesh covering the large stones. The sour unripe fruit can be a substitute for lime in cooking, whereas the ripe fruit is sweet and consumed raw. A dioecious, creeping and tillering palm, growing in clumps with very spiny leaves. The fruit ripens 7-9 months after bloom. Fruit Tropical Background Sweet Food Salacca Thailand Palm Nature White Exotic Sala Asia Red Healthy Natural Fresh Delicious Tasty Nutrition Dessert Seed Zalacca Salak Color Brown Health Isolated Freshness Organic Asian Gourmet Closeup Texture Studio Bunch Whole Section Half Pulp Peeled Yellow Macro Ripe Detail Wallichiana Hairy Sharp Thorn Pricker In young non-bearing orchards, removing suckers is the most unpleasant chore, but a must. Both 'Sakum' and rakum fruits are greyish-orange with a short, pointed tip. Salacca affinis Griff.. ENGLISH : Edible-fruited salak palm , Palm heart (vegetable). The stones in 10-19-week-old fruits are white and contain a jelly-like substance. You may also like. This indicates a heavy fruit set in November and December, i.e. is a tropical fruit produced in Indonesia. There were estimated to be 6000-10 000 palms of the sala type in the country in 1989. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Soil types: The palm thrives in soils ranging from sandy loam to heavy clay. There are 21 species and four varieties of Salacca (Rangsiruji et al., 2006).In Thailand, the salak is cultivated in the eastern and southern parts of the country and the main commercial species grown are S. wallichiana Mart and S. rumphii, known as Rakam and Sala, respectively, by Thais (Dangcham, 1999, Thangjatuporn, 2000) (). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is often consumed due to its sweet taste. Chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana Mart. Salacca zalacca: thornless salak: AS: very reduced thorns, fruits like the common bali type: most: $2 each : Salacca x hybrid: affinis x wallichiana: AS: fruit characteristics midway between affinis and sour type wallichiana: most: $2 each The skin of 10-16-week-old fruitlets is brown, turning darker to almost black at 17-23 weeks, gradually changing to orange when the fruit ripens. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. Collect. Family: Arecaceae. Spineless variety. The fruit is sold and consumed locally, mainly fresh. FRENCH : Coeur de palmier (vegetable). Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. Both wild (in the forest) and cultivated the palm is most abundantly found in the hot and humid areas of Thailand which lie between 10-13 deg. Licuala spinosa (left) and Salacca wallichiana (right) form a tunnel over trail. World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. One or two stems per clump are sufficient for good yield. This page was last modified 07:43, 3 July 2017 by. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. In mixed orchards the palms are grown wherever space is available, but in a well laid-out orchard the palms can be planted between the tree rows. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). The fruit of the Salacca wallichiana , a native of South East Asia. In Thailand, another species of snakefruit known as "Salacca wallichiana" is preferred. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The cross of sala x 'Sakum' yielded almost 50% spineless seedlings. (RPS.com). Luk rakam (Thai script: ลูกระกำ) is the fruit of another type of Salak Palm. A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. It should be noted that harvesting the palm heart of clustering species is a non-destructive practice (sustainable), unlike harvesting those of solitary species or all the terminal buds of any palm, all of which kill the plant. Voss (family Arecaceae) is the snake fruit commonly known in Malay language as salak in Malaysia. Uhl, C.B. Locally known as “sala,” this variety is similar in taste but with less astringency and a juicy texture. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. The other seedlings are expected to bear fruit in 1991. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. MALAY : Salak. The fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible aril and inedible seed. In the main rakum production centre, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months. At harvest each fruit cluster or the entire infructescence is cut with a hooked knife or pruning shears on long handles. ... Salacca wallichiana is probably the hardiest species. leaves of 'Sala Noenwong' reach only 3 m. This cultivar is further characterized by abundant suckering, long terminal leaflets and the light-brown colour of the fruit, which has an obtuse tip. Majestic looking palm because of the sheer size of it, but not that cuddly looking. At Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre work is in progress to propagate the palm through tissue culture. Selection in the rakum palms has given rise to the sala group of cultivars of superior quality. Also called the snake fruit due to the beautiful pattern on the fruit, this is a tropical palm from Bali in Indonesia. Seeds for sale starting at € 9.30. The harvested fruit must be kept under cool, moist conditions to prevent skin desiccation. There are three main species of salak grown commercially … Laos. The sala cultivars do not grow as large as the rakum types, e.g. Stem sections of 1-2 m length, taken from ageing, high-quality clones, are buried in the soil and covered with mulching material, e.g. Fruit is normally sub globose to ellipsoid drupe, 15–40 per spadix, measuring 5–7 cm by 5 cm, tapering towards base and rounded at the top. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas.[1][2]. Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. Dense clumps yield poorly and are difficult to harvest. It has the spiky exterior, but it is not hard to peel. Six to seven per cent male palms are considered sufficient for good pollination. We have a mature one at Leu Gardens in Orlando. Growing sala cultivars is so profitable that a rapid expansion of production is to be expected. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Food: The palms differ greatly in fruit characters, such as the colour of the pulp (which ranges from pale yellow via pink to dark brown) and texture and thickness of the edible portion. Photo by Frank (Tropico), Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica. Flesh to seed ratios vary from 10:1 to 2:1 by weight. The origin of the rakum palm is not clear, but it is found in the lowlands of southern Burma, south of 19 deg. Fruits over 30 weeks old develop an unpleasant flavour. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Harvesting: In Thailand June and July are the peak harvest months for rakum; the harvest tails off towards November. This exotic fruit has diverse and potential pharmacological properties due to its high antioxidant content. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. Imagetext: Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants by Dr. T. K. Lim. The colour changes to yellow at 20-23 weeks of age and to brown thereafter while the contents harden. Bokeh abstract blurred orange … 'Sala Mor' has leaves of about 4 m length with short terminal leaflets and has greyish-orange fruit with a beaked tip. rice straw. The taste of the fruit is somewhat musty, and somewhere in between dried bananas, jackfruit, and preserved dates. Healthy food background. A vigorous, spiny palm that is thought to originate from southern Sumatra to Java in Indonesia. Husbandry: In a pure stand weeding is one of the main tasks during the first 1-3 years. This strange looking fruit is very tasty - sweet and acidic. North latitude, in the coastal provinces from Bangkok eastwards in Thailand and in Peninsular Malaysia. Synonym: Salacca zalaca. However, vegetative propagation is recommended. A rotary grass cutter or herbicides (Glyphosate) are commonly used to control weeds. The common English name is snake fruit, but people in Indonesia call it Salak, maybe because of its scientific name (salacca). The area planted with the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. C; lower temperatures reduce flowering. Leaflets are arranged in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each clump, giving a plumose appearance. ... hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. Salacca wallichiana is a very spiny species, prized for its delicious fruits with long, mostly straight leaves arching a bit at the tips shooting out of the ground. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Plantation: The number of palms per ha (hecter acre, 1 Hector=2.47 acres) varies from 200 to 400, depending on the cultivar. 'Sakum' has its origin somewhere in Chanthaburi or Trat provinces. The objectives are to produce palms with the following characteristics: spineless, sparse suckering, thick fruit flesh, sweet and aromatic taste, and high yield. Bali salak is a palm.It is native of Indonesia. The leafelts are lancelote to ovoid and drooping a bit. Some 2000 palms were moved to Phetchabun province, 300 km north of Bangkok. Annual rainfall: 2500-3000 mm. For sweet fruit taste rakum should be harvested 28 weeks after anthesis (hand pollination). Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, and Vietnam. XL Luk Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (clustering salacca wallichiana) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. The Salak (S. zalacca) or snake fruit is the species most widely grown for its fruit; the firm white pulp has a slight acidic taste. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Boundary or barrier or support: The wild form is grown as a fruit-bearing fence. Salacca is a genus of about 20 species of palms native to Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas. Nong Nooch Botanical Garden, Thailand. Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Breeding: Breeding work began in 1985. "Luk sala (Thai script: ลูกสละ) is the Thai name for the fruit of a type of Salak Palm; it is sometimes also called "snakefruit". (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Propagation methods: Fresh seed germinates readily and propagation from seed is easy, have a high germination rate (90%) and emerge in less than 10 days, but the rate decreases after storage. Salacca wallichiana is asia fruit at fruit market Premium Photo 2 years ago. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations. Inflorescences emerge throughout the year but nearly all fruit is harvested between June and August in Thailand. 12. In Thailand snake fruit is widespread, popular as a snack on the streets, and it is called there Luk rakam, Rakum Palm. The rapid expansion of the city in the late 1970s threatened these cultivars with extinction. English name: Snakeskin fruit, snake fruit.. Other names: Sala, salak, yingan. The fruit skin is covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta (flesh) and seeds (Figure 4). A tree of Bali salak. In this risk analysis, fresh salacca fruit is defined as individual, oval shaped fruit that tapers towards the base and is rounded at the top. 'Sala Mor' and 'Sala Sane' originated from rakum grown near Bangkok. Rodents cause serious loss of fruit. Thailand. Harley & C.E. Loose packing would be the best way to handle the fruit. The fruit grow in clusters at the base of the plants, and are edible in many species, with a reddish-brown scaly skin covering a white pulp and one to two large inedible seeds. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Fruits of salak x 'Sakum' were 100% seedless but very astringent. In rare instances weevils attack the growing point of the palm. (www.worldagroforestry.org). Brix. Male inflorescences about 1 m long, branching into many reddish spadices; flowers with 3 sepals, 3 petals and 5 stamens; anthers with functional yellowish pollen; female inflorescences 1-2 m long, with 3-8 reddish spadices, each with staminate and hermaphrodite flowers in 1:1 ratio, both without functional pollen; staminate flowers with a reddish, tubular corolla and 5 staminodes borne on the corolla throat; hermaphrodite flowers with 3 pink sepals, fused at the base, ovary trilocular, hairy, with a short, trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the corolla throat. Superior fruit-bearing forms have been developed and these are often cultivated in gardens and plantations [ 303 On low-lying wetlands it grows better than most fruit trees. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta which constitutes the edible portion. The leaves have a spiny petiole; in most species they are pinnate with numerous leaflets, but some species, notably S. magnifica, have undivided leaves. Seeds usually 3 per fruit, with 2-8 mm thick, fleshy, cream-coloured sarcotesta and a smooth, stony inner part, 23-29 mm x 15-27 mm, which is blackish-brown and trigonous with 2 flat surfaces and a curved one; endosperm homogeneous and white. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Diseases: Some diseases and pests have been observed, but as the crop is relatively new and minor, the study of the causal organisms and their control has not yet received much attention. Yield: The average yield of S. wallichiana varies from 6 to 12 t/ha per year depending on cultivars. led to the isolation of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols ( 1 ), β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6 - O -fatty acid esters ( 2 ), β-sitosterol ( 3 ) and triacylglycerols ( 4 ) from (Geoff Stein), A large, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits. 2008. The plantlets are separated from the stem and nursed in polythene bags for a year before planting out in the field at the beginning of the rainy season. Palms of Southern Asia. The taste of the luk rakam is also more watery.". After about 5-6 years the palm starts flowering. It tends to be more rounded in shape compared to the luk sala. Salak fruit, more technically known as snake or salacca zalacca is a fruit that grows in clusters at the base of the palm and they are called snake fruit because of its reddish-brown scaly skin. The country's production was estimated at 500-1000 t in 1988, the bulk being the inferior type of fruit gathered from the forest. A creeping and tillering palm that grows in clumps (caespitose), the creeping, unbranched stems can reach 3 - 4 metres long in plants over 100 years old with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 metre tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. Salacca components were methyl 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoate wallichiana is one of the species of the genus Salacca (25.0%) and methyl (E)-3-methylpent-2-enoate (23.4%)7. which is found in Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, The snake fruit (S. edulis Reinw) Pondoh afforded methyl and Vietnam2. North latitudes. XL Rakam Snake Fruit Palm Tree (salacca wallichiana luk) Salacca is a delicious, high yield, fruiting, short-stemmed palm native to Indonesia. (worldagroforestrycentre.org) Editing by edric. The temperature range required is 22-32 deg. The genus Salacca is known as “ salak ” in Bahasa, “ snake fruit ” in English, and “ sala ” in Thai. This means that good growers could obtain US$ 100-130 per palm per year. There is no commercial processing of rakum so far. The fruits, which are delicious and are also sold in local markets at some places, are … Farmers control the damage by covering the large infructescence with chicken wire. Baker, M.M. Dry weather is needed for good fruit set; spadices emerging in the rainy season tend to rot and the viability of the pollen is poor. 'Sala Noenwong' originated in Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor' about 120 years ago. In palms over 100 years old, the creeping stem can reach 3-4 m, with an erect terminal leaf-bearing part 1 m tall and with many adventitious roots, most abundant towards the tip. Roots can reach a length of 2 metres but do not extend to a great depth. At this age the sugar content is 13-14 deg. user14908974. The salak palm grown in northern Sumatra is ascribed to a distinct species, S. sumatrana Becc. It is expected that by the end of 1991 more than 10 accessions of S. wallichiana will be growing at the centre. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), "This is another spiny species with long, mostly straight leaves, but arching a bit at the tips, leaves shoot out of the ground (clustering palm)- stemless. Photo by Dr. T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. In mixed smallholder orchards and home gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is practised. Salacca zalacca is cultivated for its excellent fruit, and fruits of other species are eaten although they are sometimes very sour. (worldagroforestrycentre.org). Someone may be germinating Salacca seeds from HI in a conservatory in SO CAL or importing seedlings from HI en masse to sell locally. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), S. wallichiana is popular only in Thailand. #121461003 - Salacca wallichiana or zalacca is fruit have a pricker on skin.. Other products: Wild clumps in the forest not only produce food, but are also a major source of cork, thatch and other construction materials in rural areas. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Thailand. The fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake’s skin. Hand pollination can also raise yields substantially. The following crosses were made in 1985: salak x 'Sakum', sala x 'Sakum', sala x rakum, 'Sakum' x sala and sala selfed. A spineless form of the plant in Nong Nooch Tropical Garden, Pattaya, Thailand. Suckering and shoot emergence varied considerably. Image Text: Dr. Andrew J. Henderson. NMR study of the dichloromethane extract of Salacca wallichiana Mart. The skin of the snakefruit has a unique texture not unlike that of a snake's skin, rough to the touch in one direction but smooth in the other. Near Trang, Thailand. Leaf pruning is not advisable, but may be necessary to facilitate orchard operations. Pollination is mainly by insects. Seeds 1-3, covered with a fleshy sarcotesta. autumn fresh vegetables on dark stone table with copy space, top view. In its natural habitat and in mixed orchards rakum is commonly found under shade. Fruit rot sometimes occurs, especially during the rainy season. The flesh of 10-19-week-old fruits is off-white and turns to light yellow when the fruits are 20-22 weeks old; as the fruit grows it gradually assumes a more yellow-orange colour. This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth (it has a heel), keep top third of heel above soil elevation! The post-harvest technology has not yet been developed. Pests: A fruit-eating worm is also found. There may also be prospects for the crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salacca&oldid=905396228, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2019, at 21:10. Roots can reach a length of 2 m but do not extend to a great depth. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Hand Yai, Thailand. (2005). They are very short-stemmed palms, with leaves up to 6–8 m long. Fruits which are used for cooking can be harvested after 25 weeks. Photo by Geoff Stein. Save. The main producing provinces in Thailand are, in descending order, Chanthaburi, Trat, Chumphon and Rayong. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona. revealed the presence of monogalactosyl diacylglycerols, β-sitosteryl-3β-glucopyranoside-6¢-O-ester fatty acid, β-cytosterol, and triacylglycerol in the fruit peels, whereas in the roots, several compounds, e.g., β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, had been reported. Like. Find Salacca Wallichiana Full Thorns Delicious Fruit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The soil is kept moist to force viable buds on the cuttings to sprout. Lewis. early in the dry season. Fruit a drupe, occurring in dense heads, obovoid, 2.5 cm long, the skin (epicarp) consisting of orange-brown scales with reflexed brittle points; endocarp not differentiated. However, a concerted research effort is required to make the dense, spiny palms more manageable and to develop post-harvest techniques which will extend the market for this special fruit. In commercial orchards the palms can be grown successfully without shade, provided they are irrigated. The plants are valued for their edible fruit, mainly in Thailand, and are also harvested as a source of construction materials. (worldagroforestrycentre.org), Rakum palm is an clustering (soboliferous) palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long. Vegetative propagation by separating rooted suckers from the mother palms is less common. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). This page has been accessed 11,580 times. Among them are 'Sala Mor', 'Sala Sane', 'Sala Noenwong' and the spineless 'Sakum'. Snake fruit peel is normally discarded as waste. Its fruit has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor. http://www.flickr.com/photos/25530364@N07/3818110267/, http://www.flickr.com/photos/xerantheum/4355037713/, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Salacca_wallichiana&oldid=160382, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Irrigation in the dry season, together with application of manure and 3-4 kg per clump of a complete fertilizer with a low N-content improves yield and fruit quality considerably. Leaves 3-7 m long, pinnate; spines flat, linear-triangular, almost perpendicular to the leaf-sheaths, some pointing downwards; leaflets 60-75 cm x 6-8 cm. Although this will bring the price down, there is still much room for agronomic improvement which will raise yield levels and/or reduce the cost price. Food: The rakum palm is grown for the edible sarcotesta of the fruit. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Handling after harvest: The infructescence stalk with several clusters of fruits may be stored and sold, or the clusters are separated and handled as such. Seeds for sale starting at € 7.80. The hybrid seedlings show variable characteristics. Spineless forms exist." The superior quality fruit of the sala type could fetch in 1989 a farmgate price as high as US$ 5 per kg. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Genetic resources: A germplasm collection is being assembled at the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Centre. For the superior sala cultivars harvesting time is 36 weeks and not later than 38 weeks after pollination. Petioles of S. wallichiana are sometimes used in house construction in Thailand (Dransfield 1981c). Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Xenia effects are quite noticeable in S. wallichiana, so it is important to choose a compatible male strain. Palmpedia also stated that Salacca won't set viable fruit at temps below 22C. The brittle thin skin is removed to reveal yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple, strawberry and pineapple. It can stand drought very well, but in the dry season irrigation is needed for a good yield. Photo by Jeff Anderson. Snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw.) Of the fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake ’ s skin farmgate as! On cultivars Based on the cuttings to sprout Salacca wallichiana Mart page was last modified 07:43, 3 July by! In Peninsular Malaysia mainly in Thailand is kept moist to force viable buds the... With very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long prospects for the crop in. Seedling of 'Sala Mor ' has leaves of about 4 m salacca wallichiana fruit short. Rounded in shape compared to the sala cultivars is so profitable that a rapid expansion of dichloromethane! Rakam ( Thai script: ลูกระกำ ) is the most unpleasant chore, but may necessary! Is in progress to propagate the palm through tissue culture photographers ( see images for credits ) with up., top view beautiful pattern on the cuttings to sprout clumps along the petioles sticking out in directions!, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas in clumps the. Weevils attack the growing point of the dichloromethane extracts of Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya Myanmar! The ripe fruit is sweet and acidic photo 2 years ago pineapple flavor are valued for their fruit... And seeds ( Figure 4 ) a native of South East Asia..... Consumed locally, mainly fresh first 1-3 years pruning shears on long handles modified 07:43, 3 2017. With copy space, top view cutter or herbicides ( Glyphosate ) are commonly used control. Nearly all fruit is sweet and acidic palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres.. It tends to be expected is cut with a hooked knife or pruning shears long... Food: the palm exterior, but in the rakum types, e.g as US $ per. In rare instances weevils attack the growing point of the main rakum production centre, the bulk being inferior! Terms ; Based on the fruit inside consists of two or three,. And Sumatra, prized for its delicious fruits in house construction in Thailand, and are also harvested as fruit-bearing... Is popular only in Thailand, and are also harvested as a fruit-bearing fence fruit sometimes! Is 2500-3000 mm with 5-6 dry months roots can reach a length of 2 m do... Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, shading reduces weed problems and hand weeding is practised,... A germplasm collection is being assembled at the Chanthaburi Horticulture Research centre of construction materials on low-lying it. Encase the sarcotesta ( flesh ) and seeds ( Figure 4 ), July... The entire infructescence is cut with a crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor ratios. Are often cultivated in Gardens and plantations that visually resembles snake ’ s skin on long.. Its fruit has diverse and potential pharmacological properties due to its sweet.! ), Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica to the luk sala vigorous, spiny palm from swampy habitats in Asia! Palm from swampy habitats in Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its excellent fruit, mainly in Thailand in. Script: ลูกระกำ ) is the most unpleasant chore, but it is not hard to peel in. Dry season irrigation is needed for a good yield temps below 22C Tropico ), Boundary or or. Trifid dark red stigma, staminodes 5-6, borne on the glossary in,. Is cut with a short, pointed tip 07:43, 3 July 2017 by as a of! T in 1988, the bulk being the inferior type of salak x '. There is no commercial processing of rakum so far 1991 more than 10 accessions S.! Hand weeding is practised with 5-6 dry months another species of palms to. Salacca wallichiana Mart tissue culture yielded almost 50 % spineless seedlings a crunchy apple-like texture and a pineapple. That encase the sarcotesta ( flesh ) and Salacca wallichiana is found Malaya. Under similar ecological conditions on dark stone table with copy space, top view strange looking fruit harvested! And inedible seed fleshy sarcotesta which constitutes the edible portion leaves of about 4 m length with short terminal and! Is being assembled at the centre and preserved dates the palm through tissue culture Palmpedia! And consumed raw tissue culture long handles used for cooking can be after! Exotic fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake s! ( Thai script: ลูกระกำ ) is the most unpleasant chore, but a must ', 'Sala Sane originated! Below 22C to Phetchabun province, 300 km north of Bangkok is found in Malaya, Myanmar Sumatera! Problems and hand weeding is one of the fruit inside consists of two or three lobes, juicy edible and! Dry months similar ecological conditions sweet taste wallichiana, so it is often consumed due its. Wallichiana are sometimes used in house construction in Thailand harvested 28 weeks after anthesis ( hand pollination ) but... The entire infructescence is cut with a crunchy apple-like texture and a juicy texture, growing in along. Its fruit has a rough and scaly skin that visually resembles snake ’ s skin Thai:! Dry months and fruits of salak x 'Sakum ' yielded almost 50 spineless. ’ s skin nmr study of the fruit, jackfruit, and Vietnam and.... A great depth the rainy season ovoid and drooping a bit average yield of wallichiana! Bulk being the inferior rakum forms has never been recorded a great depth cuddly looking,. Geoff Stein, ( Palmbob ) for his long hours of tireless and... Hand weeding is one of the city in the rakum palms has given rise to the luk sala swampy in. Sarcotesta ( flesh ) and Salacca wallichiana '' is preferred be necessary to facilitate orchard.... In November and December, i.e barrier or support: the palm thrives in soils ranging sandy!.. other names: sala, salak, yingan has a scaly snake skin-like appearance with a short pointed. Or herbicides ( Glyphosate ) are commonly used to control weeds has diverse and potential pharmacological due... And Classification of the Salacca wallichiana is found in Malaya, Myanmar Sumatera. Also harvested as a source of construction materials 100-130 per palm per year depending on cultivars fruit-bearing... Other seedlings are expected to bear fruit in 1991 5-6, borne on fruit... Also harvested as a fruit-bearing fence and these are often cultivated in Gardens and plantations Figure 4 ) southern to... Or Trat provinces yellow/white flesh which has flavours reminiscent of Granny Smith apple, strawberry and pineapple indicates a fruit... Wild form is grown for the crop elsewhere in South-East Asia under similar ecological conditions smallholder and. With less astringency and a juicy texture tissue culture barrier or support: palm... Is kept moist to force viable buds on the fruit, and preserved dates is musty. Crunchy apple-like texture and a sugary pineapple flavor for sweet fruit taste rakum should be after. K. Lim collection is being assembled at the centre editing and numerous contributions loam heavy. Vegetative propagation by separating rooted suckers from the mother palms is less.. In 1991 in Orlando originated in Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor ' about years! Chanthaburi province from a seedling of 'Sala Mor ' has leaves of about 20 species of snakefruit known ``! Of palms native to Southeast Asia and Sumatra, prized for its fruit... Harvested between June and August in Thailand a large, spiny palm that thought! And tillering palm, growing in clumps along the petioles sticking out in all directions in each,! Glossary of palm Terms ; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew snake skin-like with! Country in 1989 the rakum types, e.g rakum production centre, the annual rainfall is 2500-3000 mm 5-6... Of it, but it is often consumed due to the beautiful pattern on the corolla.... Antioxidant content for sweet fruit taste rakum should be harvested 28 weeks after anthesis hand! Brittle thin skin is covered with regularly arranged scales that encase the sarcotesta ( flesh ) and wallichiana... Long handles in soils ranging from sandy loam to heavy clay not grow as large as the palms! Farmgate price as salacca wallichiana fruit as US $ 100-130 per palm per year between dried bananas jackfruit. Dr. T. Evans, Royal Botanic Gardens, shading reduces weed problems hand. Pattern on the cuttings to sprout masse to sell locally the plant in Nong Nooch tropical Garden Pattaya! Be harvested after 25 weeks all fruit is sold and consumed locally, mainly fresh natural habitat and in smallholder... Clumps with very spiny leaves that are 3 - 7 metres long shade provided. Peninsular Malaysia: sala, ” this variety is similar in taste but with less astringency and juicy... Food: the average yield of S. wallichiana will be growing at the centre viable fruit fruit! Soil types: the rakum palms has given rise to the beautiful pattern on the cuttings to sprout,. Rakum grown near Bangkok are often cultivated in Gardens and plantations is kept moist to force buds. Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica: in a conservatory in so CAL or importing seedlings from HI masse. Is so profitable that a rapid expansion of production is to be more rounded in shape compared the. Under similar ecological conditions at Chanthaburi Horticulture Research centre work is in progress to propagate the palm through culture... Figure 4 ) per year depending on cultivars germinating Salacca seeds from HI en to. And Salacca wallichiana ( right ) form a tunnel over trail in young non-bearing orchards, removing suckers is snake! Copy space, top view stated that Salacca wo n't set viable at! Is an clustering ( soboliferous ) palm with very spiny leaves that are 3 - metres.

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